Walls of Stone, from Ancient Time to Modern Architecture

As old as the first wall ever constructed, stone has been a fundamental construction material and used in multiple types of tools, and structure. Advances in technology have changed the landscape of modern infrastructure, the use of concrete, bricks, and various other materials allow the advance in structural rigidity and more meticulous designs to be constructed. Yet we still see this old homage to stonework in today’s modern world.

Stone masonry has been one of the oldest professions known to man, yet the works of a skilled mason are still valued even in today’s architectural landscape. Their works can be seen from subtle corners at parks, being used as wares as seen in traditional stoves, to full walls that withstood the test of time. The skill and craft of these masons are one to be admired and to know more about their craft, we’ll take a look at their various tools and materials.

Stone masons, the art, craft and their product

Stone mason’s tools at their core have not changed from the simple hammer and chisel, although additions to their arsenal have allowed them to create more meticulous works. Some of the tools added to their arsenal include but not limited to be the pitching tool, jumpers, spalling hammer, and the wedge and feathers.

The practice of stone masonry allows the use of various forms in which they approach their works. Although there are varieties of this type of masonry, the three following are the most popular in CPWD Specifications:

Random Rubble Masonry – this type features stones arranged in random, although the standards of its thickness are a minimum of about nine inches and a maximum of about one foot, countermeasures are to be done in rubble masonry construction and have to be at least three inches on the other side. With footings being adjusted in a case by case basis. Stones are placed by hand in such a manner that they will lay and support each other with varied sizes.

Coursed Rubble Masonry of The First Sort – instead of being built in random, this one is done in courses. The faces of the interior and exterior remain the same using the same mortar with the stone chips not to exceed 10% of the total stones used.

Coursed Rubble Masonry of the Second Sort – similar to the first sort, this one is also built in courses. The dressed surface should not be 10 mm or if it is faced with a straight edge with the joints not exceeding a thickness of 20 mm thus, resulting in thicker joints compared to the previous one. Compared to rubble work, this one is more expensive than random rubble work and cheaper compared to the first sort.

The work, skill, and meticulous attention to detail allow stone is unique to one another, stone masonry is to be seen even today from homes in chimneys, fireplaces, walls, and steps, to infrastructure as a sign that architecture and structural design remains the same at its core. For such skill and quality stone masonry work, the labor required to create such works is great as the attention to detail and the medium of stone is not easy to manipulate and utilize. However, if you want quality work you can get it done by hiring one of the best concrete and masonry contractors.

Visit a Lancaster concrete and masonry’s website to find out more about their rates, products and services.